HIV
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HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Image: The Red ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS

Worldwide, 34 million people have HIV/AIDS. It’s an STD that destroys your immune system. Over time, HIV damages your immune system so badly that you’re unable to fight off other infections. It’s only in the last stages of HIV infection that you develop AIDS.

A person infected with HIV is described as being HIV positive (HIV+), seropositive, or person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

HIV is an incurable disease. However, there are treatments available to prolong the time you remain healthy before you develop AIDS. Nowadays, someone who’s infected with HIV and on treatment can live up to 20 years before developing AIDS.

How do you get HIV?

You can get HIV from infected bodily fluids, such as pre-ejaculate, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk and blood.

HIV is spread by both sexual and non-sexual activities.

Sexual activities include having unprotected oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Unprotected anal and vaginal sex carry much higher risks of HIV infection than unprotected oral sex.

Non-sexual activities include sharing of unsterilized hypodermic needles, receiving tainted blood transfusions, and breastfeeding. HIV can also be spread during childbirth from an infected mother to her baby.

You can't get HIV by sharing food or water, or being bitten by a mosquito.

Certain diseases can increase your risk of getting HIV:

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Bacterial vaginosis

How can you protect yourself from getting HIV?

Since HIV is spread by sex, by sharing needles and from mother to child, protecting yourself from HIV breaks down into three major categories.

To avoid sexual transmission of HIV 1. Always use condoms Male or females condoms can reduce your risk of getting HIV.

2. Be faithful to one partner or have fewer partners Having one sexual partner or fewer sexual partners can reduce your risk of being exposed to HIV infection or other STDS, which in turn can reduce your risk of HIV infection.

3. Male circumcision If you’re a man, consider getting circumcised. Male circumcision in a hospital or clinic setting is shown to reduce the risk of getting HIV from a woman by 50 percent. In comparison, female circumcision or female genital cutting/mutilation hasn’t been shown to be preventative for HIV infection.

4. If you’ve got an unusual discharge, sores, or pain when you pee get tested for STDs These symptoms are signs that something is wrong. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis have all been shown to increase your risk of getting and spreading HIV. So if you have these symptoms, get them checked out. Also, let your partner know, so he or she can get tested or treated too.

5. Get tested with your partner for HIV Whenever you’ve got a new partner, before having unprotected sex, get tested. You or your partner could be infected with HIV and not know it.

To avoid blood transmission of HIV 1. Use sterilised needles Every time you get a blood transfusion make sure new sterilised needles are used. The same principle applies if you use injection drugs – don’t share needles; use new ones each time you shoot up. The same goes for tattooing, body piercing, and acupuncture.

2. Make sure you’re receiving screened blood for blood transfusions HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B can all be passed on by blood transfusions. So it’s important to make sure the blood you’re receiving is screened, particularly in countries where HIV is common. To prevent mother to child transmission of HIV 1.Take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth If you’re HIV positive and pregnant, you can take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth to avoid passing HIV to your baby.

2.Caesarean section Consider getting a Caesarean section, if you’re HIV positive and pregnant. It decreases the chance that you’ll pass HIV on to your baby.

3. If possible, avoid breastfeeding When possible, the World Health Organization advocates HIV positive mothers to use breast milk replacement. However, if you’re living in a place where safe drinking water isn’t available, and you’re unable to boil water daily, you may opt not to use breast milk replacement. The risk of catching a life threatening disease from unsafe drinking water may outweigh the risk of getting HIV infection from breast milk. These are things to consider with your health care provider.

What are the signs that you've got HIV?

The first signs of an HIV infection can appear like a common cold or flu, which is why most people aren’t aware that they’ve been infected.

If you notice signs like a fever, headache, rash, diarrhoea, and sore throat three to six weeks after you’ve had unsafe sex, it may be wise to get tested for HIV. But of course, the trouble is most people wouldn’t first consider these signs of an HIV infection.

Without treatment, these flu-like symptoms clear up by themselves. However, if you’re infected with HIV, the infection doesn’t go away. Instead, over the next eight to ten years, the infection silently destroys your immune system. And you progress to the late stages of HIV infection also known as AIDS.

Late stages of HIV infection/AIDS It often takes eight to ten years after being infected with HIV to develop serious illnesses. This is because by this time, HIV has destroyed your immune system to the point where your body can't fight off other infections.

Late signs of HIV infection/AIDS:

  • Severe weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constant diarrhoea
  • Skin cancer
  • Meningitis

The only way to know for sure whether you’ve got an HIV infection is to get tested.

How do you get tested for HIV?

In general, health care providers will ask you to wait for three months after you've had unprotected sex, used an unsterilised needle, or received a suspect blood transfusion before you get an HIV test.

If you want to get tested for HIV, your health care provider must provide you with counselling both before and after the test.

Window period HIV tests measure your body’s immune system’s response to HIV infection. They measure whether or not your body has produced HIV antibodies. If you test as HIV positive, it means there are HIV antibodies in your blood. It usually takes two months to develop HIV antibodies. So to be on the safe side, health care providers ask you to wait for three months before getting tested for HIV - this is known as a window period. If you get tested earlier, your test could come back as HIV negative when in fact you've got HIV. This is called a false negative.

Different types of HIV tests Depending on where you live, there are a few different types of HIV tests available – blood, urine, or oral tests. Your health care provider may take a blood sample, ask you for a urine sample, or take a sample of your spit by swabbing your gums.

Urine tests are less accurate than blood or oral fluid tests for HIV detection.

When will you get your HIV test result? The time you have to wait for your HIV test result depends on the type of test. In general, with a standard HIV test it can take up to two weeks to get the result. However, if you’ve chosen a rapid HIV test, you can get your results within an hour.

How do you get rid of HIV?

HIV is an incurable infection. There is no vaccine against the disease.

Without treatment, an infected person who’s adopted a healthy lifestyle can live an average of 10 years after being infected.

Current HIV medications can prolong the time you’re healthy and free of any symptoms of AIDS. These medications are called antiretrovirals, ARVs, or HIV antiviral drugs. They work by stopping the virus from multiplying in your body.

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Comments
Beta! If the sex was unsafe, then chances of HIV may be there! But it was safe sex and you used condom so condom ka istemaal sabse easy aur bharosemand upay hai HIV ko rokne ka. Toh iske chances na ke barabar hai. Aapko koi sandeh ho toh ek vishesgya ya sarkari hospital se sampark kijiye. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Lekin jo sthiti aap bata rahe hai usme HIV hone ki sambhawna toh nahi lagti hai lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein se rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar lein. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. Zara ise padh lijiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/can-i-date-an-hiv-person Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Maine ek ladhke k sath sex kiya h or vo bhi bina condom k sir ab mujhe bht tension h ki kahi mujhe aids na ho gya ho ...ab kya karu main or kl hi maine sex kiya h
Rohit bete bina condom ke sex karna apne aap mein ek safe idea bilkul bhee nahi hai. Isse kai youn rog hone kaa khatra ho sakta hai. Aur HIV kisi bhee HIV positive vyakti ke saath unsafe sex karne se hone ki sambhavna hoti hai. Lekin afar aapko sandeh ho raha hai toh kisi bhi doubt me rahne se achcha hai ki aap ek HIV test zarur kara le. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. So zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Dear mam I want to marry with my GF but She is HIV positive and Her HIV Report show HIV reactive In His Anti Bodies and IF His CD4 count Will Increase To 1800 She will Be Fine ? And Tell Me IF we Marriage We have any Problem in Future ? Regarding Kids and All ?
That’s very nice of you dear Beta. CD4 is a good indication of the health of a HIV +person- do ask your doctor to advise on this. Now the thing is, though you both will be fine – she will need your and medical help –off and on. You will need support to help her, you must work and have good useful well paying jobs – everything a regular family needs and you MUST have safe sex ONLY. Which means kids may be an issue – there is a chance of HIV spreading through mother to child. Make your choices carefully – make a plan together and once you are well prepared – well, then do what you have to do!! All our love and blessings for you both beta. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts If you would like to join in on a further discussion on this topic, join our discussion board, "Just Ask” https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Priya bete yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV Positive ho toh HIV hone ki sambhavana ho sakti hai. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV Positive hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain. Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Sex mein jo bhee lijiye safe kijiye. Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mam mane 5mahine men 4 bar HIV rapid screening test karaya result negative aaya Kya mujhe aur test karane ki jaroorat hai mai married hun kya main ab apni partner se sambandh bana sakta hun is 5mahine men mai abhi tak kisi ke sath sambandh nahi banaya hai
Jee han bete aap is test ko final maan sakte hain. Hum umeed karte hain ki aapne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mam HIV female ne Mera ling ko chusa hai Kya Mujhe bhi HIV hone ke chance hai But hum NE Sex karte time Condom ka use Kiya tha and kafi time Condom bhi change kiye help me mam
Bete oral sex se HIV hone ki sambhavana nahi hoti hai aur condom ka istemaal sabse easy aur bharosemand upay hai HIV ko rokne ka. Toh iske chances na ke barabar hai. Aapko koi sandeh ho toh ek vishesgya ya sarkari hospital se sampark kijiye. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Lekin jo sthiti aap bata rahe hai usme HIV hone ki sambhawna toh nahi lagti hai lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein se rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar lein. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. Zara ise padh lijiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/can-i-date-an-hiv-person Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Abhay bete HIV Positive vyakti se sex karne mein yadi condom break ho jaye to HIV hone ki sambhawana ho sakti hai. Aapko koi sandeh ho toh ek vishesgya ya sarkari hospital se sampark kijiye, kisi bhi doubt mein se rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar lein. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain. Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Ramesh bête unsafe sex ke 3 months ke baad HIV test lene ki salah di jati hai ek panjikrit lab ya sarkari asptal se. Ise padh lijiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mai mai ek married Woman ke sath 8 sal tak sex kiya ab mujhe Tb ho gaya hai HIV test karvane par negative nikla kya future HIV ho sakta or woman ko HIV nahi hai reply plz mam
Ram bete TB ke treatment ke liye aap apne doctor ke regular consult mein rahiye aur unke nirdesh ka palan kijiye. Jaha tak HIV ki baat hai toh yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV Positive hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Aur yadi is test ke baad apne koi unsafe sex nahi kiya hao toh aap is test ko final maan sakte hain. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. HIV ki jaankari yaha se lijiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
namaste aunty jii mere pardos me ek widow rahti hain 8 saal se wo sex nahi ki main unse guda sex karna chahta hu kyaa bina condom k kar sakta hu
Bete anal sex ya gudamaithun mein yadi dono partners ki poori sehmati hai issey karney mein to kar saktay hai lekin wo part bohot dry hota hai jiskey liye koi chiknai Jaise KY jelly ka istemal kiya ja sakta hai ya chikanai yukt condom bhi use kar sakte hai, yadi condom ka istemal kiya jaye to koi side effect nahi hai. LEKIN, yeh jaan leejiye ki Har koi har kism ke sex ke liye taiyyar nahin ho jaate – isme unki marzee honi chhaiye. Yadi unhe yeh pasand nahin toh iska matlab hai, NAHIN. Samjh Gaye? https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/anal-sex https://lovematters.in/hi/making-love/ways-to-make-love/kaaisae-karae-gaudaa-maaithauna Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Aunti ji Mene ek ladkye ke saat sex Kiya h par JB sex Kiya tho ladkye ne apna ling Apne kapdo se baahr ni nikala tha bs usne Apne kapdo me hi apna ling mere andar daala tha or uska veeerya bhi Uske kapdo me hi nikal gya tha tho kya hiv ho Sakta h
Sapna bete jo sthiti aap bata rahi hain ismein HIV hone ki sambhavana na ke barabar hai. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV Positive hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Sapna bete safe sex ke liye ye links padh lijiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/safe-sex https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/sti-prevention/safe-or-unsafe https://lovematters.in/hi/birth-control/we-had-sex-without-condoms-help Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Jee haan Sapna beta jahan tak hum janate hain ye sabhi research ke base par hote hain aur correct hain- hum jo bhi jaankari ya link dete hai wo research, training aur shikshan ke aadhar par hota hai aur hum log alag alag logon ke point of view ko dene ki koshish karte hain. Lekin jaisa ki aap janate hain alag alag logon ke alag alag point of view ho sakte hain. Ise bhi padhiye: https://lovematters.in
Bete yadi dono mein se kisi ek ko HIV ho toh HIV hone ki sambhavana ho sakti hai - Aur yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV Positive hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Aunti jj Mene apna ling Apne kapdo se baahr nhi nikala tha or ladki ki yoni ko kapdo se baahr nikal Diya tha fir Mene apna ling ladki yoni me kapdo me hi daal Diya fir Mera veerya bhi mere kapdo me hi nikal gya or us ladki ki yoni Ka paani bhi mere kapdo me laga hua tha tho kya hiv ho. Sakta h Ase
Bete jo sthiti aap bata rahe hain ismein HIV hone ki sambhavana na ke barabar hai kyunki HIV apne aap mein ek bahut hee nazuk virus hai aur bahar ke vatavaran se joojh nahin sakta - bahut jaldi marr jaata hai. Aur saath hee yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
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