HIV
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HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Image: The Red ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS

Worldwide, 34 million people have HIV/AIDS. It’s an STD that destroys your immune system. Over time, HIV damages your immune system so badly that you’re unable to fight off other infections. It’s only in the last stages of HIV infection that you develop AIDS.

A person infected with HIV is described as being HIV positive (HIV+), seropositive, or person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

HIV is an incurable disease. However, there are treatments available to prolong the time you remain healthy before you develop AIDS. Nowadays, someone who’s infected with HIV and on treatment can live up to 20 years before developing AIDS.

How do you get HIV?

You can get HIV from infected bodily fluids, such as pre-ejaculate, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk and blood.

HIV is spread by both sexual and non-sexual activities.

Sexual activities include having unprotected oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Unprotected anal and vaginal sex carry much higher risks of HIV infection than unprotected oral sex.

Non-sexual activities include sharing of unsterilized hypodermic needles, receiving tainted blood transfusions, and breastfeeding. HIV can also be spread during childbirth from an infected mother to her baby.

You can't get HIV by sharing food or water, or being bitten by a mosquito.

Certain diseases can increase your risk of getting HIV:

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Bacterial vaginosis

How can you protect yourself from getting HIV?

Since HIV is spread by sex, by sharing needles and from mother to child, protecting yourself from HIV breaks down into three major categories.

To avoid sexual transmission of HIV
1. Always use condoms
Male or females condoms can reduce your risk of getting HIV.

2. Be faithful to one partner or have fewer partners
Having one sexual partner or fewer sexual partners can reduce your risk of being exposed to HIV infection or other STDS, which in turn can reduce your risk of HIV infection.

3. Male circumcision
If you’re a man, consider getting circumcised. Male circumcision in a hospital or clinic setting is shown to reduce the risk of getting HIV from a woman by 50 percent. In comparison, female circumcision or female genital cutting/mutilation hasn’t been shown to be preventative for HIV infection.

4. If you’ve got an unusual discharge, sores, or pain when you pee get tested for STDs
These symptoms are signs that something is wrong. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis have all been shown to increase your risk of getting and spreading HIV. So if you have these symptoms, get them checked out. Also, let your partner know, so he or she can get tested or treated too.

5. Get tested with your partner for HIV
Whenever you’ve got a new partner, before having unprotected sex, get tested. You or your partner could be infected with HIV and not know it.

To avoid blood transmission of HIV
1. Use sterilised needles
Every time you get a blood transfusion make sure new sterilised needles are used. The same principle applies if you use injection drugs – don’t share needles; use new ones each time you shoot up. The same goes for tattooing, body piercing, and acupuncture.

2. Make sure you’re receiving screened blood for blood transfusions
HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B can all be passed on by blood transfusions. So it’s important to make sure the blood you’re receiving is screened, particularly in countries where HIV is common.

To prevent mother to child transmission of HIV
1.Take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth
If you’re HIV positive and pregnant, you can take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth to avoid passing HIV to your baby.

2.Caesarean section
Consider getting a Caesarean section, if you’re HIV positive and pregnant. It decreases the chance that you’ll pass HIV on to your baby.

3. If possible, avoid breastfeeding
When possible, the World Health Organization advocates HIV positive mothers to use breast milk replacement.
However, if you’re living in a place where safe drinking water isn’t available, and you’re unable to boil water daily, you may opt not to use breast milk replacement. The risk of catching a life threatening disease from unsafe drinking water may outweigh the risk of getting HIV infection from breast milk. These are things to consider with your health care provider.

What are the signs that you've got HIV?

The first signs of an HIV infection can appear like a common cold or flu, which is why most people aren’t aware that they’ve been infected.

If you notice signs like a fever, headache, rash, diarrhoea, and sore throat three to six weeks after you’ve had unsafe sex, it may be wise to get tested for HIV. But of course, the trouble is most people wouldn’t first consider these signs of an HIV infection.

Without treatment, these flu-like symptoms clear up by themselves. However, if you’re infected with HIV, the infection doesn’t go away. Instead, over the next eight to ten years, the infection silently destroys your immune system. And you progress to the late stages of HIV infection also known as AIDS.

Late stages of HIV infection/AIDS
It often takes eight to ten years after being infected with HIV to develop serious illnesses. This is because by this time, HIV has destroyed your immune system to the point where your body can't fight off other infections.

Late signs of HIV infection/AIDS:

  • Severe weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constant diarrhoea
  • Skin cancer
  • Meningitis

The only way to know for sure whether you’ve got an HIV infection is to get tested.

How do you get tested for HIV?

In general, health care providers will ask you to wait for three months after you've had unprotected sex, used an unsterilised needle, or received a suspect blood transfusion before you get an HIV test.

If you want to get tested for HIV, your health care provider must provide you with counselling both before and after the test.

Window period
HIV tests measure your body’s immune system’s response to HIV infection. They measure whether or not your body has produced HIV antibodies. If you test as HIV positive, it means there are HIV antibodies in your blood.

It usually takes two months to develop HIV antibodies. So to be on the safe side, health care providers ask you to wait for three months before getting tested for HIV - this is known as a window period.

If you get tested earlier, your test could come back as HIV negative when in fact you've got HIV. This is called a false negative.

Different types of HIV tests
Depending on where you live, there are a few different types of HIV tests available – blood, urine, or oral tests. Your health care provider may take a blood sample, ask you for a urine sample, or take a sample of your spit by swabbing your gums.

Urine tests are less accurate than blood or oral fluid tests for HIV detection.

When will you get your HIV test result?
The time you have to wait for your HIV test result depends on the type of test. In general, with a standard HIV test it can take up to two weeks to get the result. However, if you’ve chosen a rapid HIV test, you can get your results within an hour.

How do you get rid of HIV?

HIV is an incurable infection. There is no vaccine against the disease.

Without treatment, an infected person who’s adopted a healthy lifestyle can live an average of 10 years after being infected.

Current HIV medications can prolong the time you’re healthy and free of any symptoms of AIDS. These medications are called antiretrovirals, ARVs, or HIV antiviral drugs. They work by stopping the virus from multiplying in your body.

Comments

Yadi unme se kisi bhi viykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV nhai hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Yadi unme se kisi bhi vykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unme se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Dear bete gourav, yadi aap apne satisfaction ke liye dubara test lena chahte hain toh jald hee le lijiye. Saath hee yeh sach hai ki HIV failne waali beemari hai lekin HIV saath khane ya saath bethne se nahi failti hai. Apne papa ka khyal ralho bete aur ek yadi yeh result positive hai jaisa ki yeh doctors bhee keh rahe hain toh bina samaya gawaye ek visheshgya ya panjikrit doctor se mill lo. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi koi aur sawal ya shanka hai toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum Dhyan rakhna bete!

Hmmm! pehe zara yeh samjh lijiye kee Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Bete Lovely.Dekho HIV ka kya hain na ki Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Yeh Hiv ka risk kam kar sakta hai par essa har baar ho yeh nishchit nahi kiya jaa sakta. Iske baare mein sahi jaankari padhne ke liye niche diye gaye link par jaye. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Ramesh Yadi unme se kisi bhi viykati ko HIV tha toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV nhai tha toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein se rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar lein. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi karein, SAFE karein https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

bête, wasie to sthan ke doddh mein HIV ki maatra kaafi maani jaati hai, lekin yeh bhi ki iska asar adults pe kuch zyada hota nahin hai. So sambhavna to kum hee hai. Phir bhi koshish keejiye ke koi bhi strav aandar na jaaye. All the best, beta. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Yadi HIV positive viyakti ke saath sex ka vichar kar rahe hain toh condom ka istemal ANIVARYA hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

यदि जिस व्यक्ति के साथ आप unsafe sex सेक्स कर रहे हैं उसे HIV है तो HIV होने की संभावना है. दुनिया भर में सबसे अधिक HIV cases, सेक्स के ज़रिए हुए हैं.लेकिन HIV और भी कई असुरक्षित कारणों से होता है.So! ज़रा डीटेल में यह नीचे दिया हुआ लिंक पढ़िए: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Beta essa bilkul ho sakta hai! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Commonly essa hota nai hai... par aap sahi jaankari prapt karne ke liye niche diye gaye link par jaakar padh sakte hai: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Beta ! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh yes HIV hoga. Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link dhyan se padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

यदि जिस व्यक्ति के साथ आप unsafe sex सेक्स कर रहे हैं उसे HIV है तो HIV होने की संभावना है. दुनिया भर में सबसे अधिक HIV cases, सेक्स के ज़रिए हुए हैं.लेकिन HIV और भी कई असुरक्षित कारणों से होता है.So! ज़रा डीटेल में यह नीचे दिया हुआ लिंक पढ़िए: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Waise toh HIV ke koi apne lakshan nahin hai lekin kuch samy baad isse jud hui beemariyoun ke kuch lakshan aa saktey hain. Chahe toh aap yeh padh ke dekh leejiye : https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Ji haan beta essa bilkul ho sakta hai, Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Dekhiye Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Maine bankok me condom laga kar 1 ladki ke sath sex kiya mera birya girne ke baad ush ladki ne condom nikal ushi condom ke upar uska vagina ka pani lage hath se me kate hui ling ko pocha kya aids ho sakta hai yadi dout hai to kitne to kitane din baad hiv test karane se pata chalega kya shuruwat me dawa se thik ho sakta hai.

Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. Aur jaha tak test ki baat hai unsafe sex arne ke teen mahino baad aap test kara sakte hai aur usse pakka maan sakte hai agar unn teen mahino mein koi unsafe sex naa kiya ho toh. Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Beta essa commonly hota toh nahi hai, aap iss vishay par sahi aur vristaar jaankari ke liye niche diye gaye links par jaakar padh sakte hai.: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Namaste antiji, me 8 din pehale kisi unjane lady se sex kiyatha, mera Josh 5 se10 second me khatam hogaya unka Josh khatam nahi huyiti, kya HIV hasaktahe ya nnah, our hum kitna din me check karvanahe,pleas bhaut dar lagrahahe, mene condom nahi lagayatha

Dekho bete! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv

Beta! Essa commonly hota nahi hai, magar hygiene ka khayal rakhna zaruri hai, HIV ke sabse zyada cases sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
sandy{san}
Mon, 11/09/2015 - 06:46

Hi madam ji agar koi ladaki first time sex kari hi hai to uske sath muu se uski samne ka aur piche ka hissa chatne se kya hiv hoskta hai aur use sperm pilanese use Kuch hoga to nhi matlb use bi hiv ya vo pregnant to nhi hogi naa. Plzzzz jawab deee

Beta sandy, essa commonly nahi hota hai par isme puri saaf-safai ka poora dhyan rakha gaya ho aur isme dono partners ki barabar marzi shaamil ho! Aur behtar hoga ki sex ke samay condom ka istemaal kiya jaye. Ab baat aati hai mukh maithun ki, kya isse pregnancy ho sakti hai? Toh nahi pregnancy sirf yoni maithun se hi ho sakti hai naa ki mukh maithun se, toh dono partners ko iska dhyaan rakhna hoga. All the best beta. https://lovematters.in/hi/news/oral-sex-dos-and-donts-0 https://lovematters.in/hi/news/first-time-sex-top-five-facts https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/pregnancy Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

antije mane eak ladki se sex kiatha bina condom ke usuke bada mera ling me kala padgei 2 din heda piane hua or sex poware kama hogae kia muje H I V aids he plz mam jaldi batana

Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aur zarurat padhne par ek doctor se salha bhi le sakte hai. Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
ajaj pareek
Sat, 12/05/2015 - 00:15

prostitude k sath sex kiya... Condom use kiya but unfortunatly wo break ho gya... N uncontrold chalne diya. But use hiv ni h... Is see mujhe janna h mujhe b hiv ho sakta h.. Plz detail me btaye

Beta yeh aapko kaise pata? Aur agar unhe HIV nahi hai toh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Antiji namaskar me bahar lady se sex kiyata , me 30 din bad hiv antibody,has,vdrl, antihepatitis,hcv tri dot, checking karwayta sab non reactivate he kya he fainal. He

Beta agar unsafe sex kiya ho toh uske teen mahino baad test kara sakte hai aur usse pakka maan sakte hai agar uske baad unsafe sex naa kiya ho. Iske baare mein sahi jaankari aap niche diye gaye link pe jaakar bhi le sakte hai.: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
arti gupta
Thu, 12/10/2015 - 16:29

Madam ji muje sex karne ka bahut maan karta hai aur maine kai ladko ke saat sex bhi kiya hai lekin codom ke saat hi kiya hai lekin madam ji muje big penis bahut pasand hai lekin mere pati ka chota hai koi upaye bataye

Beta, sex ki icha hona bohot ki common hai, iss vishay mein hum aapki koi sahayata nahi kar sakte hai, Ling ke sahi size ki jaankari aap niche diye gaye link par jaakar padh sakte hai. sex acha ho yeh ling ke size se zyada sex ke andaaz par depend karta hai, unke saath time bitao aur khul ke baat cheet karo. Aur humme asha hai ki multiple partners ke saath sex karte time aapne safe sex ka idea istemal kara hoga. https://lovematters.in/en/resource/penis-shapes-and-sizes https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/her-orgasms https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/safe-sex Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum

Maam mane ek ladki ke satha sex kia tha bina condom satha 6 month hogai mare ling ke andar kala ranga hogea ghutuno me dard or thakan mahesusu hotihe kia muje h i v aids he piz maam batana

Beta unsafe sex ke teen mahino ke baad aap test le sakte hai aur agar aapne test ke baad apne koi unsafe sex nahi kiya ho toh aap iss test ko final maan sakte hain. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
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