HIV
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HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Image: The Red ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS

Worldwide, 34 million people have HIV/AIDS. It’s an STD that destroys your immune system. Over time, HIV damages your immune system so badly that you’re unable to fight off other infections. It’s only in the last stages of HIV infection that you develop AIDS.

A person infected with HIV is described as being HIV positive (HIV+), seropositive, or person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

HIV is an incurable disease. However, there are treatments available to prolong the time you remain healthy before you develop AIDS. Nowadays, someone who’s infected with HIV and on treatment can live up to 20 years before developing AIDS.

How do you get HIV?

You can get HIV from infected bodily fluids, such as pre-ejaculate, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk and blood.

HIV is spread by both sexual and non-sexual activities.

Sexual activities include having unprotected oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Unprotected anal and vaginal sex carry much higher risks of HIV infection than unprotected oral sex.

Non-sexual activities include sharing of unsterilized hypodermic needles, receiving tainted blood transfusions, and breastfeeding. HIV can also be spread during childbirth from an infected mother to her baby.

You can't get HIV by sharing food or water, or being bitten by a mosquito.

Certain diseases can increase your risk of getting HIV:

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Bacterial vaginosis

How can you protect yourself from getting HIV?

Since HIV is spread by sex, by sharing needles and from mother to child, protecting yourself from HIV breaks down into three major categories.

To avoid sexual transmission of HIV 1. Always use condoms Male or females condoms can reduce your risk of getting HIV.

2. Be faithful to one partner or have fewer partners Having one sexual partner or fewer sexual partners can reduce your risk of being exposed to HIV infection or other STDS, which in turn can reduce your risk of HIV infection.

3. Male circumcision If you’re a man, consider getting circumcised. Male circumcision in a hospital or clinic setting is shown to reduce the risk of getting HIV from a woman by 50 percent. In comparison, female circumcision or female genital cutting/mutilation hasn’t been shown to be preventative for HIV infection.

4. If you’ve got an unusual discharge, sores, or pain when you pee get tested for STDs These symptoms are signs that something is wrong. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis have all been shown to increase your risk of getting and spreading HIV. So if you have these symptoms, get them checked out. Also, let your partner know, so he or she can get tested or treated too.

5. Get tested with your partner for HIV Whenever you’ve got a new partner, before having unprotected sex, get tested. You or your partner could be infected with HIV and not know it.

To avoid blood transmission of HIV 1. Use sterilised needles Every time you get a blood transfusion make sure new sterilised needles are used. The same principle applies if you use injection drugs – don’t share needles; use new ones each time you shoot up. The same goes for tattooing, body piercing, and acupuncture.

2. Make sure you’re receiving screened blood for blood transfusions HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B can all be passed on by blood transfusions. So it’s important to make sure the blood you’re receiving is screened, particularly in countries where HIV is common. To prevent mother to child transmission of HIV 1.Take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth If you’re HIV positive and pregnant, you can take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth to avoid passing HIV to your baby.

2.Caesarean section Consider getting a Caesarean section, if you’re HIV positive and pregnant. It decreases the chance that you’ll pass HIV on to your baby.

3. If possible, avoid breastfeeding When possible, the World Health Organization advocates HIV positive mothers to use breast milk replacement. However, if you’re living in a place where safe drinking water isn’t available, and you’re unable to boil water daily, you may opt not to use breast milk replacement. The risk of catching a life threatening disease from unsafe drinking water may outweigh the risk of getting HIV infection from breast milk. These are things to consider with your health care provider.

What are the signs that you've got HIV?

The first signs of an HIV infection can appear like a common cold or flu, which is why most people aren’t aware that they’ve been infected.

If you notice signs like a fever, headache, rash, diarrhoea, and sore throat three to six weeks after you’ve had unsafe sex, it may be wise to get tested for HIV. But of course, the trouble is most people wouldn’t first consider these signs of an HIV infection.

Without treatment, these flu-like symptoms clear up by themselves. However, if you’re infected with HIV, the infection doesn’t go away. Instead, over the next eight to ten years, the infection silently destroys your immune system. And you progress to the late stages of HIV infection also known as AIDS.

Late stages of HIV infection/AIDS It often takes eight to ten years after being infected with HIV to develop serious illnesses. This is because by this time, HIV has destroyed your immune system to the point where your body can't fight off other infections.

Late signs of HIV infection/AIDS:

  • Severe weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constant diarrhoea
  • Skin cancer
  • Meningitis

The only way to know for sure whether you’ve got an HIV infection is to get tested.

How do you get tested for HIV?

In general, health care providers will ask you to wait for three months after you've had unprotected sex, used an unsterilised needle, or received a suspect blood transfusion before you get an HIV test.

If you want to get tested for HIV, your health care provider must provide you with counselling both before and after the test.

Window period HIV tests measure your body’s immune system’s response to HIV infection. They measure whether or not your body has produced HIV antibodies. If you test as HIV positive, it means there are HIV antibodies in your blood. It usually takes two months to develop HIV antibodies. So to be on the safe side, health care providers ask you to wait for three months before getting tested for HIV - this is known as a window period. If you get tested earlier, your test could come back as HIV negative when in fact you've got HIV. This is called a false negative.

Different types of HIV tests Depending on where you live, there are a few different types of HIV tests available – blood, urine, or oral tests. Your health care provider may take a blood sample, ask you for a urine sample, or take a sample of your spit by swabbing your gums.

Urine tests are less accurate than blood or oral fluid tests for HIV detection.

When will you get your HIV test result? The time you have to wait for your HIV test result depends on the type of test. In general, with a standard HIV test it can take up to two weeks to get the result. However, if you’ve chosen a rapid HIV test, you can get your results within an hour.

How do you get rid of HIV?

HIV is an incurable infection. There is no vaccine against the disease.

Without treatment, an infected person who’s adopted a healthy lifestyle can live an average of 10 years after being infected.

Current HIV medications can prolong the time you’re healthy and free of any symptoms of AIDS. These medications are called antiretrovirals, ARVs, or HIV antiviral drugs. They work by stopping the virus from multiplying in your body.

Comments
Priya bete yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV Positive ho toh HIV hone ki sambhavana ho sakti hai. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV Positive hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain. Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Sex mein jo bhee lijiye safe kijiye. Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Maine ek ladhke k sath sex kiya h or vo bhi bina condom k sir ab mujhe bht tension h ki kahi mujhe aids na ho gya ho ...ab kya karu main or kl hi maine sex kiya h
Rohit bete bina condom ke sex karna apne aap mein ek safe idea bilkul bhee nahi hai. Isse kai youn rog hone kaa khatra ho sakta hai. Aur HIV kisi bhee HIV positive vyakti ke saath unsafe sex karne se hone ki sambhavna hoti hai. Lekin afar aapko sandeh ho raha hai toh kisi bhi doubt me rahne se achcha hai ki aap ek HIV test zarur kara le. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. So zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Beta! If the sex was unsafe, then chances of HIV may be there! But it was safe sex and you used condom so condom ka istemaal sabse easy aur bharosemand upay hai HIV ko rokne ka. Toh iske chances na ke barabar hai. Aapko koi sandeh ho toh ek vishesgya ya sarkari hospital se sampark kijiye. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Lekin jo sthiti aap bata rahe hai usme HIV hone ki sambhawna toh nahi lagti hai lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein se rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar lein. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. Zara ise padh lijiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/can-i-date-an-hiv-person Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
mene apne devar ke sath sex krne lgi hu or mere husband bhi se bhi krti hu bina condom ke devar se har 3 din se or husband se 7 din se sex krti hu to aids hoga?
Priya bête! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Lekin bête aap jo kar rahi hai uske bare mein kya aapke husband ko pata hai? Agar nahi toh ek baar zara aatmchintan kijiye ki agar aapke husband ko is bare mein pata chal jayega toh kya hoga? Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Arjun patel
Wed, 08/01/2018 - 01:25
Medam mene ek prostitude girl ke sath sex kiya tha condom ke sath Safe But us girl ne mera private part muh me liya tha To usse hiv aids ho sakta he
Arjun bête, agar ye safe sex tha HIV jaisi bimaari hona na ke barabar hai. OR Oral sex karnay mein koi samsya nahi maslan saaf-safai ka poora dhyan rakha gaya ho aur ismay dono partners ki barab marzi shamil ho toh! aur behtar hoga yadi condom ka isteml kiya jaey aur yaha padh lijiey : https://lovematters.in/hi/making-love/ways-to-make-love/oral-sex-dos-and-donts https://lovematters.in/hi/making-love/ways-to-make-love/cunnilingus-the-ultimate-dos-and-donts https://lovematters.in/hi/making-love/ways-to-make-love/top-tips-for-the-best-blowjob Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare Discussion Board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
mam mene apna hiv test krwaya hai after 9 month of intrcourse or ELISA 4th generation test krawaya or wo negative hai but chlymedia positive aaya hai toh kya jisko chlmedia hai usko hiv ho skta hai kya ?? plzz reply
Kamlesh bete, ye do alag-alag cheezein hain. HIV aur chlamydia mein bahut antar hain, ek se doosra nahi failta. So, don't worry! Yadi aapke man mein koi bhee aur sawaal hain aur aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Roshan bete, yadi unme se kisi bhi viykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho sakta lekin phir bhi kisi bhee doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aapke man mein koi bhee aur sawaal hain aur aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Rashmi bete, sex kitne antraal par hua se farq nahi padta, unsafe sex se padta hain. Yadi unme se kisi bhi viykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho sakta lekin phir bhi kisi bhee doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aapke man mein koi bhee aur sawaal hain aur aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Sanjay bete, ise Anal sex ya guda methun kehte hain. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. So zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aapke man mein koi bhee aur sawaal hain aur aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Yadi unme se kisi bhi viykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho sakta. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. So zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Yadi unme se kisi bhi viykati ko HIV hai toh aapko HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho sakta lekin phir bhi kisi bhee doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mene sare comment padhe sabhi ne yehi bola sex krne se bimari toh ni hoti, mene kabhi sex nhi aj tak or main jab 18yrs ka huya toh hiv positive nikla.
Bete duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. So zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Ashish vadra
Mon, 03/19/2018 - 10:43
Ek male ne dusre male ke sath sex karnese hiv hota hai kya? Jaise jaise kai bar ladke ladko ke sath sex kar lete hai to unko aids ka khatra rehta hai kya??
Ashish bete, aisa nahi hain do purushon ke sex karne se HIV failta hain. HIV kisi bhee HIV positive vyakti ke unsafe saath sex karne se failne ki sambhavna hain. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. So zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board ‘Just Poocho’ mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Ji nahi, Aray beta. Hastmaithun ek safe/surakshit tareeka hai apni santushti karne ka. Isse koi nuksaan ya beemari nahin hoti. Yadi chahein toh bahut see activities hain, jinmein aap samya bitaa sakte hain. Jaise ki khel – games, gym ya koi hobbies…ok? Yeh bhi padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/men-masturbating https://lovematters.in/hi/news/i-could-masturbate-anytime-anywhere Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. So zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mam mujhe hasthmaithun karne ki adat thi par maine kise ke sat sex nhi kya mujhe punghal infectoin hua tha jangho mai to vahaka bhag kala ho gaya hai kya yeh hiv ho sakta hai kya
Aryan bete, iski wajah hastmaithun nahi lekin hygiene ki kami kaaran ho sakta hain. Ek visheshagya ya achchhe panjikrit doctor se consult kijiye. Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mam maine ek call girl ke sath bina condom ke sex kiya par 1 min ke baad penis ko bahar nikal liya sperm bhi bahar nikala jab maine bahar nikala to penis bikul dry tha kya hiv ho sakta hai
Suraj bete, yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Kisi bhee doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Ji haan, yadi yeh sex unsafe tha toh HIV hone ka khatra ho sakta hain. Kisi bhee doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mam . Agar mein kisi ladki ke sath sex kiya aur sperm andar nai girya aur nai hi uss ladki ka sperm se Mila to kya aids hone chance hai kya
Mayank bete, chahe ling ka pravesh thode der ke liye hi hua ho, yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Kisi bhee doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Sahil beta, yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Yadi unhe HIV nahi hain toh ye nahi ho sakta lekin phir bhi kisi bhee doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Ajay beta, yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Yadi unhe HIV nahi hain toh ye nahi ho sakta lekin phir bhi kisi bhee doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Agar aap dono HIv negative hain toh roz sex karne ya kabhi kabhi sex karne se itna farak nahi padhta. Unke HIV positive hone se padhta hain. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. kisi bhi doubt mein se rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zaroor kar lein. Saath hi sex mein jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Kunal Bete! Oral sex se HIV ke chances nahi hai lekin kisi bhee risk se bachne ke liye condom ka istemaal zaruri hai aur yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv https://lovematters.in/hi/safe-sex/stdsstis/hivaids-top-five-facts Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain to hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil ho! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Dekhiye yeh samjh lijiye ki Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aur haan condom ka use karke aap oral and anal sex dono ko safe samjh sakte hain! Lekin kisi hee sthithi mein condom ka istemal anivarya hai!
Hmm! Yadi partner HIV positive hai toh, condom ka istemal anivarya hai Condom ka istemal hi easy aur safe tarika hai HIV se bachne ka! http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/safe-sex https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv
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