HIV
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HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Image: The Red ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS

Worldwide, 34 million people have HIV/AIDS. It’s an STD that destroys your immune system. Over time, HIV damages your immune system so badly that you’re unable to fight off other infections. It’s only in the last stages of HIV infection that you develop AIDS.

A person infected with HIV is described as being HIV positive (HIV+), seropositive, or person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

HIV is an incurable disease. However, there are treatments available to prolong the time you remain healthy before you develop AIDS. Nowadays, someone who’s infected with HIV and on treatment can live up to 20 years before developing AIDS.

How do you get HIV?

You can get HIV from infected bodily fluids, such as pre-ejaculate, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk and blood.

HIV is spread by both sexual and non-sexual activities.

Sexual activities include having unprotected oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Unprotected anal and vaginal sex carry much higher risks of HIV infection than unprotected oral sex.

Non-sexual activities include sharing of unsterilized hypodermic needles, receiving tainted blood transfusions, and breastfeeding. HIV can also be spread during childbirth from an infected mother to her baby.

You can't get HIV by sharing food or water, or being bitten by a mosquito.

Certain diseases can increase your risk of getting HIV:

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Bacterial vaginosis

How can you protect yourself from getting HIV?

Since HIV is spread by sex, by sharing needles and from mother to child, protecting yourself from HIV breaks down into three major categories.

To avoid sexual transmission of HIV 1. Always use condoms Male or females condoms can reduce your risk of getting HIV.

2. Be faithful to one partner or have fewer partners Having one sexual partner or fewer sexual partners can reduce your risk of being exposed to HIV infection or other STDS, which in turn can reduce your risk of HIV infection.

3. Male circumcision If you’re a man, consider getting circumcised. Male circumcision in a hospital or clinic setting is shown to reduce the risk of getting HIV from a woman by 50 percent. In comparison, female circumcision or female genital cutting/mutilation hasn’t been shown to be preventative for HIV infection.

4. If you’ve got an unusual discharge, sores, or pain when you pee get tested for STDs These symptoms are signs that something is wrong. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis have all been shown to increase your risk of getting and spreading HIV. So if you have these symptoms, get them checked out. Also, let your partner know, so he or she can get tested or treated too.

5. Get tested with your partner for HIV Whenever you’ve got a new partner, before having unprotected sex, get tested. You or your partner could be infected with HIV and not know it.

To avoid blood transmission of HIV 1. Use sterilised needles Every time you get a blood transfusion make sure new sterilised needles are used. The same principle applies if you use injection drugs – don’t share needles; use new ones each time you shoot up. The same goes for tattooing, body piercing, and acupuncture.

2. Make sure you’re receiving screened blood for blood transfusions HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B can all be passed on by blood transfusions. So it’s important to make sure the blood you’re receiving is screened, particularly in countries where HIV is common. To prevent mother to child transmission of HIV 1.Take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth If you’re HIV positive and pregnant, you can take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth to avoid passing HIV to your baby.

2.Caesarean section Consider getting a Caesarean section, if you’re HIV positive and pregnant. It decreases the chance that you’ll pass HIV on to your baby.

3. If possible, avoid breastfeeding When possible, the World Health Organization advocates HIV positive mothers to use breast milk replacement. However, if you’re living in a place where safe drinking water isn’t available, and you’re unable to boil water daily, you may opt not to use breast milk replacement. The risk of catching a life threatening disease from unsafe drinking water may outweigh the risk of getting HIV infection from breast milk. These are things to consider with your health care provider.

What are the signs that you've got HIV?

The first signs of an HIV infection can appear like a common cold or flu, which is why most people aren’t aware that they’ve been infected.

If you notice signs like a fever, headache, rash, diarrhoea, and sore throat three to six weeks after you’ve had unsafe sex, it may be wise to get tested for HIV. But of course, the trouble is most people wouldn’t first consider these signs of an HIV infection.

Without treatment, these flu-like symptoms clear up by themselves. However, if you’re infected with HIV, the infection doesn’t go away. Instead, over the next eight to ten years, the infection silently destroys your immune system. And you progress to the late stages of HIV infection also known as AIDS.

Late stages of HIV infection/AIDS It often takes eight to ten years after being infected with HIV to develop serious illnesses. This is because by this time, HIV has destroyed your immune system to the point where your body can't fight off other infections.

Late signs of HIV infection/AIDS:

  • Severe weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constant diarrhoea
  • Skin cancer
  • Meningitis

The only way to know for sure whether you’ve got an HIV infection is to get tested.

How do you get tested for HIV?

In general, health care providers will ask you to wait for three months after you've had unprotected sex, used an unsterilised needle, or received a suspect blood transfusion before you get an HIV test.

If you want to get tested for HIV, your health care provider must provide you with counselling both before and after the test.

Window period HIV tests measure your body’s immune system’s response to HIV infection. They measure whether or not your body has produced HIV antibodies. If you test as HIV positive, it means there are HIV antibodies in your blood. It usually takes two months to develop HIV antibodies. So to be on the safe side, health care providers ask you to wait for three months before getting tested for HIV - this is known as a window period. If you get tested earlier, your test could come back as HIV negative when in fact you've got HIV. This is called a false negative.

Different types of HIV tests Depending on where you live, there are a few different types of HIV tests available – blood, urine, or oral tests. Your health care provider may take a blood sample, ask you for a urine sample, or take a sample of your spit by swabbing your gums.

Urine tests are less accurate than blood or oral fluid tests for HIV detection.

When will you get your HIV test result? The time you have to wait for your HIV test result depends on the type of test. In general, with a standard HIV test it can take up to two weeks to get the result. However, if you’ve chosen a rapid HIV test, you can get your results within an hour.

How do you get rid of HIV?

HIV is an incurable infection. There is no vaccine against the disease.

Without treatment, an infected person who’s adopted a healthy lifestyle can live an average of 10 years after being infected.

Current HIV medications can prolong the time you’re healthy and free of any symptoms of AIDS. These medications are called antiretrovirals, ARVs, or HIV antiviral drugs. They work by stopping the virus from multiplying in your body.

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Comments
Ji haan beta essa bilkul ho sakta hai, Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. Lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Agar aapne unsafe sex ke teen mahine baad test karaya hai aur iss test ke baad koi unsafe sex nahi kiya hai toh aap iss test ko pakka maan sakte hai. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Agar aapne unsafe sex ke teen mahine baad test karaya hai aur iss test ke baad koi unsafe sex nahi kiya hai toh aap iss test ko pakka maan sakte hai. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Agar aapne unsafe sex ke teen mahine baad test karaya hai aur iss test ke baad koi unsafe sex nahi kiya hai toh aap iss test ko pakka maan sakte hai. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
JI haan beta essa bilkul ho sakta hai,Yadi unme se kisi bhi vykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta! isye swapndosh ya nightfall kehte hain, jo ki bohot common hai. Yeh koi bimari nahi, isse aapko koi nuksaan nahi hoga, baaki aap yaha padh sakte ho: https://lovematters.in/en/news/wet-dreams-top-five-facts Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Commonly isse HIV hota toh nahi hai,Yadi inn six months ke baad apne koi unsafe sex nahi kiya ho toh aap iss test ko final maan sakte hain. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Nahi beta yeh apne aap paida nahi hota hai. Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Shrutkirti
Tue, 04/05/2016 - 18:20
Maine ek boy ke sath sex kia h or wo hiv negative h n m bi negative hu to kya mjhko bi hiv ho skta h kya????or bad m kisi or ke sath sex kre wo bi hiv negative ho or m bi to kya chances h hiv positive hne ke??
Beta!Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Yadi unme se kisi bhi vykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unme se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Yadi sex ke baad test karne ke six months ke baad apne koi unsafe sex nahi kiya ho toh aap iss test ko final maan sakte hain. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Yadi unme se kisi bhi vykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unme se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Commonly essa hota nai hai... par aap sahi jaankari prapt karne ke liye niche diye gaye link par jaakar padh sakte hai: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Essa commonly hota toh nahi hai, sahi jaankari ke liye aap yaha padh lijiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Yadi inn six months ke baad apne koi unsafe sex nahi kiya ho toh aap iss test ko final maan sakte hain. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Waise toh HIV ke koi apne lakshan nahi hai, lekin kuch samay baad isse judhe hui beemariyo ke kuch lakshan aa sakte hai. Chahe toh aap yeh padh ke dekh leejiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta agar kisi doctor se karaya hua test ki report hai toh sahi hi honi chahiye. Aap apni santushti ke liye ek baar dusre doctor se sampark karke apni report ki firse jaach kara sakte hai. Aur jaankari ke liye niche diye daye link par jaakar padhe: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta essa bilkul ho sakta hai! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Waise toh HIV ke koi apne lakshan nahi hai, lekin kuch samay baad isse judhe hui beemariyo ke kuch lakshan aa sakte hai. Chahe toh aap yeh padh ke dekh leejiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Yadi unme se kisi bhi vykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unme se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Waise toh HIV ke koi apne lakshan nahi hai, lekin kuch samay baad isse judhe hui beemariyo ke kuch lakshan aa sakte hai. Chahe toh aap yeh padh ke dekh leejiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Haan beta essa bikul ho sakta hai. iske baare mein sahi jaankari ke liye niche diye gaye link par jaake padhiye. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta essa bilkul ho sakta hai! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Hello mam Maine 5 month phale unsafe anal sex kiya tha mai ek dam fit tha fir maine apna bollod test karaya to mujhe typhoed huaa hai to kya ye HIV k laxan hai plz say
santosh kumar
Mon, 03/14/2016 - 15:22
Mam main 3 saal se sex kr raha hu ... bina condom ke ... or ab maine test krvaya to negitive h .... pls pls kya ye sahi h
Sir / mam, Condom na use kare .... Hum kai ladkiyonke ya aunty yonke sath bar - bar sex kare to hiv ho sakta hai kya...
Maine ek ladki ke saath sex kiya tha uski vagina me ling ko kiya tha . Or ye mera phla sex tha . To kya mujhe HIV ho skta h ? Please Aunty ji btaiye .
Madam,kya hiv apne aap insaan me paida hota hai ya ye sirf ek Person se hi dusre ko hota hai.mai ek aurat se sex karta hu aur uska husband bhi us aurat se sex karta hai to mamad kya hiv ho jayega jabki hum tino me so koi bhi aur dusre person se kabhi nahi sex kiya hai. Mam please jaldi reply dena aapke reply ka intjaar rahega.
Suno bete Moti Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv
Relax! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv
Mene kai ladies k sath wina condom k sex kiya h mene last sex ek month phle kiya tha meri sari body m khujli uthti h plz tell me kya mujhe HIV ho skta h
Kya do hiv negative male ka sperm sex ke samay bari bari se kisi female jo hiv negative to kya kisi ko hiv ho sakta hai .plz jaldi reply de
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