HIV
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HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Image: The Red ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS

Worldwide, 34 million people have HIV/AIDS. It’s an STD that destroys your immune system. Over time, HIV damages your immune system so badly that you’re unable to fight off other infections. It’s only in the last stages of HIV infection that you develop AIDS.

A person infected with HIV is described as being HIV positive (HIV+), seropositive, or person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

HIV is an incurable disease. However, there are treatments available to prolong the time you remain healthy before you develop AIDS. Nowadays, someone who’s infected with HIV and on treatment can live up to 20 years before developing AIDS.

How do you get HIV?

You can get HIV from infected bodily fluids, such as pre-ejaculate, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk and blood.

HIV is spread by both sexual and non-sexual activities.

Sexual activities include having unprotected oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Unprotected anal and vaginal sex carry much higher risks of HIV infection than unprotected oral sex.

Non-sexual activities include sharing of unsterilized hypodermic needles, receiving tainted blood transfusions, and breastfeeding. HIV can also be spread during childbirth from an infected mother to her baby.

You can't get HIV by sharing food or water, or being bitten by a mosquito.

Certain diseases can increase your risk of getting HIV:

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Bacterial vaginosis

How can you protect yourself from getting HIV?

Since HIV is spread by sex, by sharing needles and from mother to child, protecting yourself from HIV breaks down into three major categories.

To avoid sexual transmission of HIV 1. Always use condoms Male or females condoms can reduce your risk of getting HIV.

2. Be faithful to one partner or have fewer partners Having one sexual partner or fewer sexual partners can reduce your risk of being exposed to HIV infection or other STDS, which in turn can reduce your risk of HIV infection.

3. Male circumcision If you’re a man, consider getting circumcised. Male circumcision in a hospital or clinic setting is shown to reduce the risk of getting HIV from a woman by 50 percent. In comparison, female circumcision or female genital cutting/mutilation hasn’t been shown to be preventative for HIV infection.

4. If you’ve got an unusual discharge, sores, or pain when you pee get tested for STDs These symptoms are signs that something is wrong. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis have all been shown to increase your risk of getting and spreading HIV. So if you have these symptoms, get them checked out. Also, let your partner know, so he or she can get tested or treated too.

5. Get tested with your partner for HIV Whenever you’ve got a new partner, before having unprotected sex, get tested. You or your partner could be infected with HIV and not know it.

To avoid blood transmission of HIV 1. Use sterilised needles Every time you get a blood transfusion make sure new sterilised needles are used. The same principle applies if you use injection drugs – don’t share needles; use new ones each time you shoot up. The same goes for tattooing, body piercing, and acupuncture.

2. Make sure you’re receiving screened blood for blood transfusions HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B can all be passed on by blood transfusions. So it’s important to make sure the blood you’re receiving is screened, particularly in countries where HIV is common. To prevent mother to child transmission of HIV 1.Take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth If you’re HIV positive and pregnant, you can take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth to avoid passing HIV to your baby.

2.Caesarean section Consider getting a Caesarean section, if you’re HIV positive and pregnant. It decreases the chance that you’ll pass HIV on to your baby.

3. If possible, avoid breastfeeding When possible, the World Health Organization advocates HIV positive mothers to use breast milk replacement. However, if you’re living in a place where safe drinking water isn’t available, and you’re unable to boil water daily, you may opt not to use breast milk replacement. The risk of catching a life threatening disease from unsafe drinking water may outweigh the risk of getting HIV infection from breast milk. These are things to consider with your health care provider.

What are the signs that you've got HIV?

The first signs of an HIV infection can appear like a common cold or flu, which is why most people aren’t aware that they’ve been infected.

If you notice signs like a fever, headache, rash, diarrhoea, and sore throat three to six weeks after you’ve had unsafe sex, it may be wise to get tested for HIV. But of course, the trouble is most people wouldn’t first consider these signs of an HIV infection.

Without treatment, these flu-like symptoms clear up by themselves. However, if you’re infected with HIV, the infection doesn’t go away. Instead, over the next eight to ten years, the infection silently destroys your immune system. And you progress to the late stages of HIV infection also known as AIDS.

Late stages of HIV infection/AIDS It often takes eight to ten years after being infected with HIV to develop serious illnesses. This is because by this time, HIV has destroyed your immune system to the point where your body can't fight off other infections.

Late signs of HIV infection/AIDS:

  • Severe weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constant diarrhoea
  • Skin cancer
  • Meningitis

The only way to know for sure whether you’ve got an HIV infection is to get tested.

How do you get tested for HIV?

In general, health care providers will ask you to wait for three months after you've had unprotected sex, used an unsterilised needle, or received a suspect blood transfusion before you get an HIV test.

If you want to get tested for HIV, your health care provider must provide you with counselling both before and after the test.

Window period HIV tests measure your body’s immune system’s response to HIV infection. They measure whether or not your body has produced HIV antibodies. If you test as HIV positive, it means there are HIV antibodies in your blood. It usually takes two months to develop HIV antibodies. So to be on the safe side, health care providers ask you to wait for three months before getting tested for HIV - this is known as a window period. If you get tested earlier, your test could come back as HIV negative when in fact you've got HIV. This is called a false negative.

Different types of HIV tests Depending on where you live, there are a few different types of HIV tests available – blood, urine, or oral tests. Your health care provider may take a blood sample, ask you for a urine sample, or take a sample of your spit by swabbing your gums.

Urine tests are less accurate than blood or oral fluid tests for HIV detection.

When will you get your HIV test result? The time you have to wait for your HIV test result depends on the type of test. In general, with a standard HIV test it can take up to two weeks to get the result. However, if you’ve chosen a rapid HIV test, you can get your results within an hour.

How do you get rid of HIV?

HIV is an incurable infection. There is no vaccine against the disease.

Without treatment, an infected person who’s adopted a healthy lifestyle can live an average of 10 years after being infected.

Current HIV medications can prolong the time you’re healthy and free of any symptoms of AIDS. These medications are called antiretrovirals, ARVs, or HIV antiviral drugs. They work by stopping the virus from multiplying in your body.

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Comments
Yadi unme se kisi bhi vykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unme se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
santosh kumar
Mon, 03/14/2016 - 15:22
Mam main 3 saal se sex kr raha hu ... bina condom ke ... or ab maine test krvaya to negitive h .... pls pls kya ye sahi h
Beta agar kisi doctor se karaya hua test ki report hai toh sahi hi honi chahiye. Aap apni santushti ke liye ek baar dusre doctor se sampark karke apni report ki firse jaach kara sakte hai. Aur jaankari ke liye niche diye daye link par jaakar padhe: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta essa bilkul ho sakta hai! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Waise toh HIV ke koi apne lakshan nahi hai, lekin kuch samay baad isse judhe hui beemariyo ke kuch lakshan aa sakte hai. Chahe toh aap yeh padh ke dekh leejiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Yadi unme se kisi bhi vykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unme se kisi ko bhi HIV nahi hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Hello mam Maine 5 month phale unsafe anal sex kiya tha mai ek dam fit tha fir maine apna bollod test karaya to mujhe typhoed huaa hai to kya ye HIV k laxan hai plz say
Waise toh HIV ke koi apne lakshan nahi hai, lekin kuch samay baad isse judhe hui beemariyo ke kuch lakshan aa sakte hai. Chahe toh aap yeh padh ke dekh leejiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Haan beta essa bikul ho sakta hai. iske baare mein sahi jaankari ke liye niche diye gaye link par jaake padhiye. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Shrutkirti
Tue, 04/05/2016 - 18:20
Maine ek boy ke sath sex kia h or wo hiv negative h n m bi negative hu to kya mjhko bi hiv ho skta h kya????or bad m kisi or ke sath sex kre wo bi hiv negative ho or m bi to kya chances h hiv positive hne ke??
Guddu khan
Tue, 09/06/2016 - 06:17
Mam aap hame bataye ki mane ek boy ke sath sex kiya leki yah confarm hai ki use hiv nahi hai to kya mujhe hiv hone ka dar hai
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Robbin pandey
Tue, 09/13/2016 - 21:24
Mam mane phley condom ke bina uske chut me apna ling dala diya fir mane turant 10 sec ke bad condom laga liya kya is sey v mhujy hiv ho skta h
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mama mana 6 ladkieo ka sat sex keya h bena condam ka PR unono or kesi ka sat sex nai keya ky madam ASA m HIV ho sakta h plz mam jaldi rply kra plz
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
vijay jain
Thu, 09/15/2016 - 15:01
Mam 5 ledkeyo ka sat sex keya mana bena condam ka to HIV ho sakta h jbke Mara seva kesi sa nai keya unona sex muja akala sa he keya plz jaldi bataya
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mam AGR mane kisi ladke ke sath kafi tym se bina condom se anal or oral sex kr RHA hu lekin use aids na ho to kya ye HIV mujhe ho skta h .
Beta! Unsafe sex main yaoun sankraman ka khatra ho sakta hai. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
ravi chauhan
Mon, 09/26/2016 - 11:35
Mam mene ek randi k sath sex kiya phele mene condom laga k kiya fir last me jab mal ejaculate hone vala tha tho mene condom utar diya nd phir vagina me gussaya do bar phir mal bahar eject kar diya mene kya mujhe aids ho sakhta hai ya nahi
Unsafe sex se yaon sankraman ka khatra ho sakta hai. Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mam mene ek ladke ko 3 ya 4 bar kiss kiya he . Hamne sex nhi kiya kya isme hiv ka koi khatra he ya nhi. Or ha agar us ladke ne kbhi kisi ke sath sex kiya he ya nhi kiya he ,mere kiss krne se pehle to isme hiv ka koi khtra he ya nhi
Dekhiye prerna bete kiss karne se hiv nahi hota hai. AUr sex se bhee hiv ki sabhavna tab hee hai Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
deep sandhu
Mon, 10/17/2016 - 01:40
mam maine sex kiya aur condom fat geya aaur mera huya nhi tha aur na he ladki ka huya tha toh ise koyi khtra toh nhi aur mujhe ap je btaye sex se kaise hiv aids hota hai
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Raju Prsad
Tue, 10/18/2016 - 08:27
Mam maine ek ldki k sath ek month phle sex kiya th. Maine jst 2 sec k liye insert kiya th.usko hiv nhi hai. Nd hiv k lkshn kitne din baad dikhayi dete hai?
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Mein ek African lady se begair condom ke sex kiya par ghusane Gaya toh waise hi gir Gaya toh Kitna chance hai HIV ya AIDS hone mam
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Maine 2 ladkio ke saath unsafe sex Kiya tha aur 2 ladkio ko hiv nahi hai toh mujhe hiv ho sakta hai pls reply Me in yes ya NO urgent
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
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