HIV
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HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Image: The Red ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS

Worldwide, 34 million people have HIV/AIDS. It’s an STD that destroys your immune system. Over time, HIV damages your immune system so badly that you’re unable to fight off other infections. It’s only in the last stages of HIV infection that you develop AIDS.

A person infected with HIV is described as being HIV positive (HIV+), seropositive, or person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

HIV is an incurable disease. However, there are treatments available to prolong the time you remain healthy before you develop AIDS. Nowadays, someone who’s infected with HIV and on treatment can live up to 20 years before developing AIDS.

How do you get HIV?

You can get HIV from infected bodily fluids, such as pre-ejaculate, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk and blood.

HIV is spread by both sexual and non-sexual activities.

Sexual activities include having unprotected oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Unprotected anal and vaginal sex carry much higher risks of HIV infection than unprotected oral sex.

Non-sexual activities include sharing of unsterilized hypodermic needles, receiving tainted blood transfusions, and breastfeeding. HIV can also be spread during childbirth from an infected mother to her baby.

You can't get HIV by sharing food or water, or being bitten by a mosquito.

Certain diseases can increase your risk of getting HIV:

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Bacterial vaginosis

How can you protect yourself from getting HIV?

Since HIV is spread by sex, by sharing needles and from mother to child, protecting yourself from HIV breaks down into three major categories.

To avoid sexual transmission of HIV 1. Always use condoms Male or females condoms can reduce your risk of getting HIV.

2. Be faithful to one partner or have fewer partners Having one sexual partner or fewer sexual partners can reduce your risk of being exposed to HIV infection or other STDS, which in turn can reduce your risk of HIV infection.

3. Male circumcision If you’re a man, consider getting circumcised. Male circumcision in a hospital or clinic setting is shown to reduce the risk of getting HIV from a woman by 50 percent. In comparison, female circumcision or female genital cutting/mutilation hasn’t been shown to be preventative for HIV infection.

4. If you’ve got an unusual discharge, sores, or pain when you pee get tested for STDs These symptoms are signs that something is wrong. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis have all been shown to increase your risk of getting and spreading HIV. So if you have these symptoms, get them checked out. Also, let your partner know, so he or she can get tested or treated too.

5. Get tested with your partner for HIV Whenever you’ve got a new partner, before having unprotected sex, get tested. You or your partner could be infected with HIV and not know it.

To avoid blood transmission of HIV 1. Use sterilised needles Every time you get a blood transfusion make sure new sterilised needles are used. The same principle applies if you use injection drugs – don’t share needles; use new ones each time you shoot up. The same goes for tattooing, body piercing, and acupuncture.

2. Make sure you’re receiving screened blood for blood transfusions HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B can all be passed on by blood transfusions. So it’s important to make sure the blood you’re receiving is screened, particularly in countries where HIV is common. To prevent mother to child transmission of HIV 1.Take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth If you’re HIV positive and pregnant, you can take antiretroviral drugs during your pregnancy and childbirth to avoid passing HIV to your baby.

2.Caesarean section Consider getting a Caesarean section, if you’re HIV positive and pregnant. It decreases the chance that you’ll pass HIV on to your baby.

3. If possible, avoid breastfeeding When possible, the World Health Organization advocates HIV positive mothers to use breast milk replacement. However, if you’re living in a place where safe drinking water isn’t available, and you’re unable to boil water daily, you may opt not to use breast milk replacement. The risk of catching a life threatening disease from unsafe drinking water may outweigh the risk of getting HIV infection from breast milk. These are things to consider with your health care provider.

What are the signs that you've got HIV?

The first signs of an HIV infection can appear like a common cold or flu, which is why most people aren’t aware that they’ve been infected.

If you notice signs like a fever, headache, rash, diarrhoea, and sore throat three to six weeks after you’ve had unsafe sex, it may be wise to get tested for HIV. But of course, the trouble is most people wouldn’t first consider these signs of an HIV infection.

Without treatment, these flu-like symptoms clear up by themselves. However, if you’re infected with HIV, the infection doesn’t go away. Instead, over the next eight to ten years, the infection silently destroys your immune system. And you progress to the late stages of HIV infection also known as AIDS.

Late stages of HIV infection/AIDS It often takes eight to ten years after being infected with HIV to develop serious illnesses. This is because by this time, HIV has destroyed your immune system to the point where your body can't fight off other infections.

Late signs of HIV infection/AIDS:

  • Severe weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constant diarrhoea
  • Skin cancer
  • Meningitis

The only way to know for sure whether you’ve got an HIV infection is to get tested.

How do you get tested for HIV?

In general, health care providers will ask you to wait for three months after you've had unprotected sex, used an unsterilised needle, or received a suspect blood transfusion before you get an HIV test.

If you want to get tested for HIV, your health care provider must provide you with counselling both before and after the test.

Window period HIV tests measure your body’s immune system’s response to HIV infection. They measure whether or not your body has produced HIV antibodies. If you test as HIV positive, it means there are HIV antibodies in your blood. It usually takes two months to develop HIV antibodies. So to be on the safe side, health care providers ask you to wait for three months before getting tested for HIV - this is known as a window period. If you get tested earlier, your test could come back as HIV negative when in fact you've got HIV. This is called a false negative.

Different types of HIV tests Depending on where you live, there are a few different types of HIV tests available – blood, urine, or oral tests. Your health care provider may take a blood sample, ask you for a urine sample, or take a sample of your spit by swabbing your gums.

Urine tests are less accurate than blood or oral fluid tests for HIV detection.

When will you get your HIV test result? The time you have to wait for your HIV test result depends on the type of test. In general, with a standard HIV test it can take up to two weeks to get the result. However, if you’ve chosen a rapid HIV test, you can get your results within an hour.

How do you get rid of HIV?

HIV is an incurable infection. There is no vaccine against the disease.

Without treatment, an infected person who’s adopted a healthy lifestyle can live an average of 10 years after being infected.

Current HIV medications can prolong the time you’re healthy and free of any symptoms of AIDS. These medications are called antiretrovirals, ARVs, or HIV antiviral drugs. They work by stopping the virus from multiplying in your body.

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Comments
Namaste Mam , maine 4mahine pahle unsef sex kiya aur 4 mahine baad Hiv test karya wo negetive tha ab kya mujhe test karane ki Jaroot hai plzzz reply mam
Mene ak ladki ke sath sex kia tha lekin usko hiv H ya nhi muje pata nhi H mene condom ka bhi use kya tha. Sex ke one year baad mene two time hiv test karvaya or bono test negative aye h To kya me maan lu ki muje hiv nhi h
Yadi unme se kisi bhi viykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV nhai hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein se rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar lein. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
Yadi unme se kisi bhi viykati ko HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai.. Aur yadi unmein se kisi ko bhi HIV nhai hai toh yeh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein se rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar lein. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi karein, SAFE karein. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
pallavi pawar
Fri, 12/30/2016 - 16:59
Mam mari shadi hui hai par shadi ke pahele mera mere bf ke sath reletion hau tha... or mere shadi ke bad mere husband ke sath reletion hua to usse bhi HIV ho sakta hai kya
jai prakash
Thu, 12/29/2016 - 21:54
Namastey mam plzz mujhe btaaiyee aaj mene sex kiya apni girdriend ke sath usko periods aa rahe the lekin wo hiv negative hai or mei bhi hiv negative hu isse hiv kaa khatra hai kyaa ?
sudheer kumar
Mon, 12/19/2016 - 11:22
mam mai peechle char salo se hafte me char pach bar galt trike se hasth maithun karta hun.jisme pahle se mera viry laga hota tha aur vah gandh bhi deta tha,usi kapde ko ling me lapet kar mai hasthmaithun kart tha,usi kapde roj kart tha.pichle ak mah se mal kafi bimar chl rah hun kya mughe hiv to nhi hai? sar dar halka bukhar,tvcha par lal til ki trah nisan pad rhe hai. dad bhi huaa hai, pith drd bhi hai
ram singh
Thu, 12/15/2016 - 14:27
Mam mera vdrl positive h aur meri body me HIV me lakshan JSA mahsush hota h .lekin Maine dubara test krvaya to HIV nhi aaya aur vdrl positive hi aaya h .to HIV ho skta h .blki mera vdrl Ka ilaj chal RHA h
Mam Mene pechle saal 2 bar sex keya tha prostitute ke sath condom se sex keya tha,par mujh ko ye nehi pata ke aus HIV ya Aids hai ke nehi, to kya mujh ko HIV ya Aids ho sakta hai, jab ke Mene condom bhi use keya tha
mene abhi apni gf se sex kiya hai wo hiv negetive hai aur mene abhi abhi ek frend se bhi kiya hai wo be negetive hai kya muje 2 logo ko sex ki vajah se hiv ho sakta hai ??
Maine 2 ladkio ke saath unsafe sex Kiya tha aur 2 ladkio ko hiv nahi hai toh mujhe hiv ho sakta hai pls reply Me in yes ya NO urgent
Mein ek African lady se begair condom ke sex kiya par ghusane Gaya toh waise hi gir Gaya toh Kitna chance hai HIV ya AIDS hone mam
Raju Prsad
Tue, 10/18/2016 - 08:27
Mam maine ek ldki k sath ek month phle sex kiya th. Maine jst 2 sec k liye insert kiya th.usko hiv nhi hai. Nd hiv k lkshn kitne din baad dikhayi dete hai?
deep sandhu
Mon, 10/17/2016 - 01:40
mam maine sex kiya aur condom fat geya aaur mera huya nhi tha aur na he ladki ka huya tha toh ise koyi khtra toh nhi aur mujhe ap je btaye sex se kaise hiv aids hota hai
Dekhiye prerna bete kiss karne se hiv nahi hota hai. AUr sex se bhee hiv ki sabhavna tab hee hai Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hain use HIV hai toh HIV hone ki sambhavna hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV casess, sex ke zariye hue hain.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.So! Zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Mam mene ek ladke ko 3 ya 4 bar kiss kiya he . Hamne sex nhi kiya kya isme hiv ka koi khatra he ya nhi. Or ha agar us ladke ne kbhi kisi ke sath sex kiya he ya nhi kiya he ,mere kiss krne se pehle to isme hiv ka koi khtra he ya nhi
ravi chauhan
Mon, 09/26/2016 - 11:35
Mam mene ek randi k sath sex kiya phele mene condom laga k kiya fir last me jab mal ejaculate hone vala tha tho mene condom utar diya nd phir vagina me gussaya do bar phir mal bahar eject kar diya mene kya mujhe aids ho sakhta hai ya nahi
Mam AGR mane kisi ladke ke sath kafi tym se bina condom se anal or oral sex kr RHA hu lekin use aids na ho to kya ye HIV mujhe ho skta h .
vijay jain
Thu, 09/15/2016 - 15:01
Mam 5 ledkeyo ka sat sex keya mana bena condam ka to HIV ho sakta h jbke Mara seva kesi sa nai keya unona sex muja akala sa he keya plz jaldi bataya
Mama mana 6 ladkieo ka sat sex keya h bena condam ka PR unono or kesi ka sat sex nai keya ky madam ASA m HIV ho sakta h plz mam jaldi rply kra plz
Robbin pandey
Tue, 09/13/2016 - 21:24
Mam mane phley condom ke bina uske chut me apna ling dala diya fir mane turant 10 sec ke bad condom laga liya kya is sey v mhujy hiv ho skta h
Guddu khan
Tue, 09/06/2016 - 06:17
Mam aap hame bataye ki mane ek boy ke sath sex kiya leki yah confarm hai ki use hiv nahi hai to kya mujhe hiv hone ka dar hai
Beta sandy, essa commonly nahi hota hai par isme puri saaf-safai ka poora dhyan rakha gaya ho aur isme dono partners ki barabar marzi shaamil ho! Aur behtar hoga ki sex ke samay condom ka istemaal kiya jaye. Ab baat aati hai mukh maithun ki, kya isse pregnancy ho sakti hai? Toh nahi pregnancy sirf yoni maithun se hi ho sakti hai naa ki mukh maithun se, toh dono partners ko iska dhyaan rakhna hoga. All the best beta. https://lovematters.in/hi/news/oral-sex-dos-and-donts-0 https://lovematters.in/hi/news/first-time-sex-top-five-facts https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/pregnancy Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta! Essa commonly hota nahi hai, magar hygiene ka khayal rakhna zaruri hai, HIV ke sabse zyada cases sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai. Aur jaha tak test ki baat hai unsafe sex arne ke teen mahino baad aap test kara sakte hai aur usse pakka maan sakte hai agar unn teen mahino mein koi unsafe sex naa kiya ho toh. Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta! Yadi jis viykati ke saath aap unsafe sex kar rahe hai usse HIV hai toh, HIV hone ki sambhavna ho sakti hai. Duniya bhar mein sabse adhik HIV cases, sex ke zariye hue hai issiliye protected sex karna sahi rehta hai.Lekin HIV aur bhi kai asurakshit karano se hota hai.Toh zara detail mein yeh niche diya hua link padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aur zarurat padhne par ek doctor se salha bhi le sakte hai. Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta yeh aapko kaise pata? Aur agar unhe HIV nahi hai toh nahi ho SAKTA! lekin phir bhi kisi bhi doubt mein rehne se achha hai ki ek HIV test zarrur kar le. Saath hi sex mein Jo bhi kare, SAFE kare. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta agar unsafe sex kiya ho toh uske teen mahino baad test kara sakte hai aur usse pakka maan sakte hai agar uske baad unsafe sex naa kiya ho. Iske baare mein sahi jaankari aap niche diye gaye link pe jaakar bhi le sakte hai.: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta essa commonly hota toh nahi hai, aap iss vishay par sahi aur vristaar jaankari ke liye niche diye gaye links par jaakar padh sakte hai.: https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta, sex ki icha hona bohot ki common hai, iss vishay mein hum aapki koi sahayata nahi kar sakte hai, Ling ke sahi size ki jaankari aap niche diye gaye link par jaakar padh sakte hai. sex acha ho yeh ling ke size se zyada sex ke andaaz par depend karta hai, unke saath time bitao aur khul ke baat cheet karo. Aur humme asha hai ki multiple partners ke saath sex karte time aapne safe sex ka idea istemal kara hoga. https://lovematters.in/en/resource/penis-shapes-and-sizes https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/her-orgasms https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/safe-sex Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
Beta unsafe sex ke teen mahino ke baad aap test le sakte hai aur agar aapne test ke baad apne koi unsafe sex nahi kiya ho toh aap iss test ko final maan sakte hain. Hum umeed karte hain ki apne yeh test kisi panjikrit lab se karwaya hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/hiv Aap iss baare mein humse vristaar mein charcha humare discussion board "just poocho" par aakar humse kar sakte hai. https://lovematters.in/hi/forum
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