Worried couple in bed - emergency contraception
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Emergency contraception

You’ve had intercourse without using contraception, even though you don’t want to be pregnant. Or you think something could have gone wrong with your contraception – perhaps you forgot to take your pill, or a condom burst. What can you do?

If you really don’t want to get pregnant, all is not lost. If you act fast you can use emergency contraception. One possibility is to take an ECP or ‘morning after’ pill. You can also get an IUD fitted.

Emergency contraceptive pill

Emergency contraception pills (ECPs), also known as morning-after pills or e-pills, are drugs you can take when you have had unprotected sex and think that you could be pregnant.

You need to take them as soon as possible after the unprotected intercourse, preferably within 24 hours. After that they become less effective.

ECPs are available over the counter, which means you can go straight to the pharmacy and get it without a doctor's prescription.

There are two types of emergency contraception pills however only one is currently available in India. The available pill is progestogen-only (using the hormone levonorgestrel) generally called Ipill or Unwanted 72.

 Pros

  • Helps prevent pregnancy in cases of failed or forgotten contraception, or rape
  • Gives peace of mind
  • Easy to get

Cons

  • Can change timing of next period (early or late)
  • No STD protection
  • Needs to be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex

ECPs are not for regular contraception

There is no limit as to how many times you can use the emergency-pill in a year. However, the ECP does have short-term side effects. That means it should not be used as a normal form of contraception, but only in case of emergency. Look for a form of contraception that suits you: see types of birth control.

IUD

Another form of emergency contraception is the copper IUD. However, this needs to be put in by a medical provider. It's an option if you're already considering starting to use a long-term form of contraception.

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    Is an ECP the same as an abortion pill?

    ECPs are not abortion pills. The ECP works in various ways, but can't do anything if an egg is already fertilized. If you are already pregnant and take the ECP, it will have no negative effects on your pregnancy.

    How do I get an ECP?

    You can get the ECP over the counter or from your healthcare provider. Because it is most effective the faster you take it, many health care providers even suggest getting an emergency pill and keeping it at home just in case. Studies have found that keeping an ECP at home doesn't mean you are more likely to have unprotected sex.

    What are the side-effects of ECPs?

    • Fatigue
    • Headaches
    • Abdominal pain, nausea, vomitting
    • Dizziness

    How safe are ECPs?

    ECPs have a high concentration of hormones and can cause considerable short-term side effects. That's why ECPs should be used only in case of emergency, and are not recommended as a normal method of birth control.

    There seem to be no long-term side-effects known for emergency-contraception pills.

    There are some cases of deep vein thrombosis (DVTs) reported with the use of the ECPs.

    Who shouldn't use ECPs?

    • Women with undiagnosed abnormal vaginal bleeding
    • Women with history of DVT (deep vein thrombosis)
    • Women with acute migraines
    • People with a Body Mass Index (BMI) higher than 25

    What can stop ECPs from working properly?

    If you vomit soon after taking the pill, it may be less effective. Talk to a healthcare provider as soon as possible to find out what your options are.

    In both cases, consider the Copper-T IUD as emergency contraception.

    I-pill / Unwanted 72

    The progestogen-only pill makes the mucus around your cervix thicker so the sperm can’t get through. It can also stop ovulation while also releasing a hormone that makes it harder for sperm to travel up towards the egg. You get either two doses of 750mg each that you have to take 12 hours apart, or one dose of 1.5mg.

    If taken within 24 hours it is 95% effective. The longer you wait before taking ECPs, the less effective they are. They are most effective if taken between 12 and 24 hours after unprotected sex. If taken later, they can still be effective for 72 hours after intercourse, but then your chances of getting pregnant are higher. If taken between 49-72 hours the pill is only 58% effective.

    Progestogen-only pills work less well for women who are overweight. If you have a body mass index (BMI) of more than 25 then it is suggested to use the Copper IUD as emergency contraception.

    Don’t know your BMI? Use the calculator to figure it out:

    [bmi]

    Progestogen-only pills can even be used several times in one cycle if needed, though should not be used as a normal form of birth control. For more regular forms of birth control check out Birth Control Methods.

    The ‘Morning After’ IUD

    Another kind of emergency contraception is the ‘morning after IUD’. You have to have it fitted by a doctor. This is possible four to five days after you’ve had unprotected sex.

    This is actually just the same as having an IUD fitted as a contraceptive. Once it’s in, you can just leave it in place to stop you getting pregnant in future. But you need to think whether it’s the right kind of contraception to suit you – see the section on birth control.

    Comments

    Hmm! Relax pregnancy ke liye ek shukranu bhee bohot kaafi hai. Kya aap is bare mein abhi tak Kisi doctor se millein hai? Ek vishagya ya achche panjikrit doctor se consult kijiye. Aur Jaldi pregnancy ke tips yaha pahdiye: http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/tips

    i had sex with my girlfriend first time on last monday without condom i had not broken her fallopian tube due to pain that she was having then also i had given him unwanted72 becoz dont want to take risk but she is not having her periods as periods had to take place in 7 days after taking pill can u help me is she pregnant ???

    Safe sex ke liey condom ka istemal kiya jaata hai naa ki emergency pills ka bête, Aur sabse ehm baat yeh ki isse kewal 72 gnaton ke andar hee lena hota hai. yaha padho zara: http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/safe-sex yeh emergency goli hai aur yeh mahila ke masik dharm par asar kar saktee hai.. PLEASE in goliyoun ko laparvahi se istemaal mat keejiye. Ek home pregnancy test le lijiye.

    Hello bete, if there was unsafe sex then there are chances of pregnancy. To confirm the situation, you can take a home pregnancy test which is usually taken 10 days after unprotected sex. If the result is positive, please consult a doctor immediately. Don't try to take any medicines by self. Only doctors. https://lovematters.in/en/resource/unplanned-pregnancy https://www.fpaindia.org/ If you would like to join in on a further discussion on this topic, join our discussion board, "Just Ask" . https://lovematters.in/en/forum

    Bete yadi yeh sex unsafe tha toh yes ismein pregnancy ke chances ho skate hain. Iske liye phoren ek home pregnancy test lijiye jo ki unsafe sex ke 10 din ke baad lete hai. Aur morning urine sample zyada behtar maana jata hai. Phir kisi vishagya ya achche panjikrit doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai. Iske illava aap FPAI clinic se bhee sampark kar sakety hai jiski jaankari aaapko iski website pe mil jayegi. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy https://www.fpaindia.org/ Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum

    17th march mere husbend ne unsafe sex kiya mere perioud 8th april ko ana tha abi tak nahi aya kya mai pregnent hu mujhe pregnent nahi hona abi pls koi solution btaiye

    Bete yadi yeh sex unsafe tha toh yes ismein pregnancy ke chances ho skate hain. Iske liye phoren ek home pregnancy test lijiye jo ki unsafe sex ke 10 din ke baad lete hai. Aur morning urine sample zyada behtar maana jata hai. Phir kisi vishagya ya achche panjikrit doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai. Iske illava aap FPAI clinic se bhee sampark kar sakety hai jiski jaankari aaapko iski website pe mil jayegi. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy https://www.fpaindia.org/ Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare disccsion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum

    Relax! Hastmaithun ek safe /surakshit tareek ahai apni santushti karne ka. Isse koi nuksaan ya beemari nahin hoti . yadi chahein toh bahut see activities hain, jaise ki khel – games, gym ya koi hobbies… ok? http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/men-masturbating

    Kya aapka matlab pregnancy se hai? Yadi haan toh, bête issay bachnnay ke lie aapko safe sex karna padega aur karna chhaiey, garbhnirodhan ke kai saaray options mojjud hain jismein se condom ka istemal sabse uchit aur easy option hai. http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/safe-sex Wasie aapka sawaal samjh nahi aaya!!

    Relax bete Hastmaithun ek safe /surakshit tareek ahai apni santushti karne ka. Isse koi nuksaan ya beemari nahin hoti . yadi chahein toh bahut see activities hain, jaise ki khel – games, gym ya koi hobbies… ok? http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/men-masturbating

    Periods ke duran sez mein koi dikatt nahi jab tak dono partners ki isse karne mein barabar ki marzi shamil ho Lekin yaad rakhiye is duran condom ka istemal anivarya hai taaki kisi bhi sankarman se bachha ja sake.

    Dekho bete yadi aap pregnancy ke risk se bachna chatay hai to kisi aur tarikay kay mukabley Condom ka istemal hi easy aur safe tarika hai http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/safe-sex http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/fertility

    Beta yeh bohot serious situation ho sakti hai jismein gharelu upchaar sochna bhi uchit baat nahi hai. isliye jaldi kisi achhay doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai, agar jyada time nahi hua hoga to aap MTP ki maang kar saktey hain. Kisis neem hakeem ya chemist ke paas mat pahuch jaana, DOCTOR ONLY!! Jaldi karo samjhay? http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy

    Hmmmm! Pregnancy pata karne ke liye ek home pregnancy test, ya kisi doctor se milkar ye test lena chahiye. Saath hi mahavari ki nirdharit date ka bhi dhyan rakhna chahiye.Aur bete pregnancy se bachne ke liye Suno jaldi kisi achhay doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai, agar jyada time nahi hua hoga to aap MTP ki maang kar saktey hain. Kisis neem hakeem ya chemist ke paas mat pahuch jaana, DOCTOR ONLY!! Jaldi karo samjhay? http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy

    Dekho bete pregnant honey ke liey ek shuranu bhi bohot kaafi hota hai, aur sex ke liye condom ka isteaml anivrya hai bête. ab suno jaldi kisi achhay doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai, agar jyada time nahi hua hoga to aap MTP ki maang kar saktey hain. Kisis neem hakeem ya chemist ke paas mat pahuch jaana, DOCTOR ONLY!! Jaldi karo samjhay?http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy

    Yadd rakhiye chahye ling kitni der ke liye bhi andar gaya bina condom ke wo unsafe hai kyunki pregnant hone ke liey ek shuranu bhi kaafi hota hai. Ab jaldi se ek home pregnancy test lo ya kisi achhay doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai. Yeh bhi padho madd ke liye : http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy

    Hmmm! sex ki ichha hona bohot hi common hai par hum aapki ismein koi sahyata nahi kar saktay aap chhahein toh masturbation yani hastmethun try kar sakte hain joki ek safe /surakshit tareeka hai apni santushti karne ka. http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/men-masturbating

    Hmmm! beta ab kya sthithi hai? Suno jaldi kisi achhay doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai, agar jyada time nahi hua hoga to aap MTP ki maang kar saktey hain. Kisis neem hakeem ya chemist ke paas mat pahuch jaana, DOCTOR ONLY!! Jaldi karo samjhay?http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy

    Dekho bête yeh keh pana Ki kaun kab aur kiss din garb dharan kar leyga ya falana din mein koi garbh dharn kar leta hai zara mushkil hai kyunki yeh Har kisi ke liye alag hai. is baaray mein aur jyada detail mein yah padhiye saath hi jaldi pregnancy ke tips bhi yaha padh lijiye: http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/tips http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/pregnancy

    Hmmm! Ab kitna samye hua hai? jaldi kisi vishagya ya achche panjikrit doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai, agar jyada time nahi hua hoga to aap MTP ki maang kar saktey hain. Kisi neem hakeem ya chemist ke paas mat pahuch jaana, DOCTOR ONLY!! Iske alawa aap FPAI clinic se sampark kar sakety hai jiski jaankari aaapko iski website pe mil jayegi.http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy http://www.fpaindia.org/

    Actually yeh poori tareh se Na, mahila kee mahavari pe depend hota hai, yadi who bilkul nirdharit hai ya nahin jiski vajeh se bahut hee risk ka kaam bhi hai. Yadi aap bina kisi protection key ya bina surakhsha ke sex ki soch rahe hai toh shayad aap un dino ki baat kar rahe hain jin mein bachcha rukna mushkil hai. Yeh ho toh sakta hai lekin yeh poori terh se surakshit nahin mana jaata hai. Yadi aap pregnancy ke risk se bachna chatay hai to kisi aur tarikay kay mukabley Condom ka istemal hi easy aur safe tarika hai. http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/safe-sex http://lovematters.in/hi/resource/fertility

    Suniye yeh ek bohot badi mithya hai ki sperm bahar nikalne se garbhdharn nahi hota hai kyunk pregnant hone ke liye ek shukranu bhi bohot kaafi hota hai. Zara yeh padhiye: https://lovematters.in/hi/news/10-most-common-contraception-myths Aur After 10 days aap ek home test kar saktey hain. Morning urine sample is much better for this.

    Period itne late hona toh apne aap main chinta ki baat ho sakti hain. Phoren ek panjikrit doctor ko mil lijiye. Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum

    Bathroom jaana garbhnirodhan ka upaay bilkul nahi hain. Bete yadi yeh sex unsafe tha toh yes ismein pregnancy ke chances ho sakte hain. Iske liye phoren ek home pregnancy test lijiye. Phir kisi vishagya ya achche panjikrit doctor se milo aur dekho kya ho sakta hai. Iske illava aap FPAI clinic se bhee sampark kar sakety hai jiski jaankari aaapko iski website pe mil jayegi. https://lovematters.in/hi/resource/unplanned-pregnancy https://www.fpaindia.org/ Yadi aap is mudde par humse aur gehri charcha mein judna chahte hain toh hamare discussion board “Just Poocho” mein zaroor shamil hon! https://lovematters.in/en/forum
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